5th Grade Curriculum

Below are the 5th Grade Standards we focus on throughout the school year.  These standards are in direct alignment with the Colorado Academic Standards and the curriculum outlined by Douglas County School District.  

The standards are the basis for the content rich environment and activities we work at Buffalo Ridge.  We also emphasize the 4C's with our kindergarteners at a developmentally appropriate level.  Creativity, Critical Thinking, Communication, and Collaboration are vital skills for them to continue developing prior to heading into middle school.

5th Grade Reading, Writing and Communicating

Oral Expression and Listening

  • Effective communication requires speakers to express an opinion, provide information, describe a process, and persuade an audience

  • Listening strategies are techniques that contribute to understanding different situations and serving different purposes

Reading for All Purposes

  • Literary texts are understood and interpreted using a range of strategies

  • Ideas found in a variety of informational texts need to be compared and understood

  • Knowledge of morphology and word relationships matters when reading

Writing and Composition

  • The recursive writing process contributes to the creative and unique literary genres for a variety of audiences and purposes

  • The recursive writing process creates stronger informational and persuasive texts for a variety of audiences and purposes

  • Conventions apply consistently when evaluating written texts

Research and Reasoning

  • High-quality research requires information that is organized and presented with documentation

  • Identifying and evaluating concepts and ideas have implications and consequences

  • Quality reasoning requires asking questions and analyzing and evaluating viewpoints

5th Grade

Number Sense, Properties, and Operations

  • The decimal number system describes place value patterns and relationships that are repeated in large and small numbers and forms the foundation for efficient algorithms

  • The concepts of multiplication and division can be applied to multiply and divide fractions

  • Formulate, represent, and use algorithms with multi-digit whole numbers and decimals with flexibility, accuracy, and efficiency

  • Formulate, represent, and use algorithms to add and subtract fractions with flexibility, accuracy, and efficiency

Patterns, Functions, and Algebraic Structures

  • Number patterns are based on operations and relationships

Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability

  • Visual displays are used to interpret data

Shape, Dimension, and Geometric Relationships

  • Geometric figures can be described by their attributes and specific locations in the plane

  • Properties of multiplication and addition provide the foundation for volume an attribute of solids

5th Grade

Live Science:  Living Systems (Structure & Function)

  • All organisms have structures and systems with separate functions

  • Human body systems have basic structures, functions, and needs

Physical Science:  Mixtures (Interactions)

  • Mixtures of matter can be separated regardless of how they were created; all weight and mass of the mixture are the same as the sum of weight and mass of its parts

Earth Systems Science:  Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources (Origins)

  • Earth and sun provide a diversity of renewable and nonrenewable resources

Earth Systems Science:  Changes in the Earth’s Surface (Transformation)

  • Earth’s surface changes constantly through a variety of processes and forces

Earth Systems Science:  Weather (Change/ Cause & Effect)

  • Weather conditions change because of the uneven heating of Earth’s surface by the Sun’s energy.

  • Weather changes are measured by differences in temperature, air pressure, wind and water in the atmosphere and type of precipitation

5th Grade
Social Studies


  • Analyze historical sources from multiple points of view to develop an understanding of historical context

  • The historical eras, individuals, groups, ideas, and themes in North America from 1491 through the founding of the United States government


  • Use various geographic tools and sources to answer questions about the geography of the United States

  • Causes and consequences of movement


  • Government and market structures influence financial institutions

  • Utilizing financial institutions to manage personal finances   


  • The foundations of citizenship in the United States

  • The origins, structure, and functions of the United States government

5th Grade
Visual Arts

Observe and Learn to Comprehend

  • Visual arts connect multiple characteristics of art

  • Visual arts communicate the human experience

  • Visual arts learning involves analyzing the formal and sensory qualities of art

Envision and Critique to Reflect

  • Evaluative criteria is used when responding to works of art

  • Specific methods of planning support the development of intended meaning

Invent and Discover to Create

  • Use artistic media and expression to communicate personal and objective points of view

  • Create art using technological media

  • Apply an understanding of art processes and creative thinking to plan and create art

Relate and Connect to Transfer

  • Artists, viewers, and patrons assign intended meaning to works of art

  • Artists, viewers, and patrons respond to art from familiar and unfamiliar cultures

5th Grade

Expression of Music

  • Perform using enhanced musical techniques

  • Perform more complex rhythmic, melodic, and harmonic patterns

  • Perform melodies using traditional notation

Creation of Music

  • Improvise question and answer and basic musical phrases

  • Notate simple compositions

Theory of Music

  • Analyze and apply dynamics, tempo, meter, and articulation using appropriate music vocabulary

  • Analyze aurally and visually notation of form in music

  • Analyze more complex instrumental and vocal examples

  • Comprehension and application of melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic patterns

Aesthetic Valuation of Music

  • Explain and defend personal preferences for specific music

  • Articulate the meaning in music according to elements, aesthetic qualities, and human responses

5th Grade
Physical Education

Movement Competence and Understanding

  • Demonstrate mature form for all basic locomotor, non-locomotor, manipulative, and rhythmic skills

  • Demonstrate understanding of how to combine and apply movement concepts and principles to learn and develop motor skills

Physical and Personal Wellness

  • Understand and apply basic principles of training to improving physical fitness

  • Demonstrate understanding of skill-related components of fitness and how they affect physical performance

  • Connect the health-related fitness components to the body systems

Emotional and Social Wellness

  • Assess and take responsibility for personal behavior and stress management

  • Choose to participate cooperatively and productively in group and individual physical activities

  • Identify personal activity interests and abilities

Prevention and Risk Management

  • Understand and utilize safe and appropriate warm-up, pacing, and cool-down techniques for injury prevention and safe participation